Can I make an injury claim if no one was convicted of the crime?

If you are injured in a criminal attack, it can still be possible to claim compensation, even if no one is convicted of the crime.

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Claiming compensation

Victims of violent crimes in the UK can claim compensation in several ways.

Through the criminal court

If the offender is prosecuted and found guilty, the Criminal Court may order the defendant to pay compensation.

Through the civil court

A second option is to sue the offender for damages in the Civil Courts.

How long after the incident can I claim through the courts?

You can start a claim up to three years after the assault, and it does not matter if the offender has been acquitted or even charged with the crime.

The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)

I order to seek compensation through the courts:

  • You have to know who caused your injuries.
  • The offender must have enough money to pay your compensation.

If you are the victim of a random street attack or mugging, these criteria are unlikely to apply.

Fortunately, a third option exists whereby victims of violent crime can seek compensation for their injuries even if they do not know who caused them.

The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) is a government-funded authority that allows victims of violent crime to seek compensation.

Am I eligible to claim the CICA?

The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) accepts claims from anyone who has been injured in a violent criminal attack, including mugging, assault, sexual offences and arson.

The only conditions for making a claim are that:

  • you are the blameless victim of a crime, and;
  • you suffered personal injury as a result.

Personal injury includes serious physical injuries such as broken bones as well as the psychological trauma you may experience after being involved in such an event. The scheme does not cover minor physical injuries such as cuts and bruises.

You do not need a guilty verdict or a prosecution to make a claim.

What evidence do I need?

You can claim through the CICA even if you do not know who committed the crime. However, you will need to be able to show that a crime took place. It will help if you reported the incident promptly to the police and assisted the police with their enquiries. This could include making a statement or being willing to attend an identity parade if asked to do so.

How much compensation will I receive?

Compensation is awarded on a sliding scale depending on the nature of your injuries.

For example, the loss of four or more front teeth attracts compensation of £3,500 on the current CICA tariff; losing both hands entitles you to £110,000.

If you have suffered multiple injuries, the CICA will award compensation for your most serious injury first and then award additional compensation for any further injuries at a reduced amount.

Further information on CICA injury tariff is available here.

How do I apply for compensation through the CICA?

Ask for an application form from your local police station or apply online via the CICA website. You will need to start a claim within two years of the incident unless you are making an application on behalf of a child.

Read more: Claiming compensation on behalf of a child.

The CICA takes up to one year to assess claims. If you are successful, a claims officer will write to inform you of the CICA's decision and confirm how much compensation you will receive.

How can Quittance help?

Your solicitor will fight for the best possible compensation settlement for you, the highly-experienced panel of solicitors have an excellent track record of winning criminal injury claims.

If you have any questions, or would like to start a No Win No Fee claim, we are open 8am to 9pm weekdays, 9am to 6pm on Saturday, and 9.30am to 5pm on Sunday.

Call us FREE 0800 612 7456 or arrange a callback:

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Gaynor Haliday, Legal researcher

About the author

Gaynor Haliday is an experienced legal researcher and published author. She has had numerous articles published in the press and is a legal industry commentator.

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