Animal-caused road accident injury compensation claims

The following guide sets out what you need to know about making a claim for a road accident caused by an animal compensation claim.

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Livestock loose on Britain's roads account for around 1,000 road traffic accidents every year. Given the size of larger livestock, including cows and horses, these accidents have the potential to cause serious injury.

Livestock on road
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Livestock on the road

Despite vigilance on the part of farmers, animals can escape their enclosures and wander into nearby roads. In cases where the farmer has failed to repair a broken gate or fence, the farmer is likely to be negligent and liable to pay compensation to road users injured as a result.

In some cases, however, loose livestock can be caused by a gate being left open. This could be a failure on the part of a farm worker or an unknown party, such as an anonymous rambler. This can, in some cases, make negligence more difficult to prove.

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Typical injuries resulting from livestock on the road

One of the most common injuries sustained by drivers and passengers involved in a collision with livestock is whiplash.

Other common injuries include muscular damage, bruising and sprained or broken limbs caused by the impact of hitting a cow or horse, or by hitting a tree, fence or other vehicle while attempting to avoid the animal.

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Who is liable for accidents involving livestock?

In many cases, the farmer who is responsible for the livestock will be held accountable for any road accidents that the animals cause.

Most farmers protect themselves from the financial consequences of paying injury compensation by taking out public liability insurance.This insurance is designed to cover the costs of any accidents caused by the animals owned by the farmer, or by any work undertaken by the farmer in the course of his normal duties.

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What to do following an injury

Medical attention should be sought as soon as possible, even for minor injury, to prevent deterioration.

It may be that you will need a physical examination by a doctor to ascertain the extent of your injuries, or you may require x-rays or other follow-up examinations.

Whiplash can develop into chronic pain if not treated appropriately, but compensation cannot be sought for this kind of subsequent injury if it results from a failure to seek treatment.

Evidence of the cause of livestock on the road

Broken fences and gates may be subsequently repaired, so it is recommended to act quickly after an accident to gather evidence, including photos.

A solicitor will able to advise further on this point, even if you are undecided about actually starting a claim.

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Do I have a claim?

If you were injured in a road accident caused by animals in the last three years (longer if children were involved) and someone else was to blame, then we can probably help you make a compensation claim.

See our Online Claim Eligibility Calculator for a better idea of where you stand.

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Calculate my compensation">Calculate my compensation

The amount of compensation you will receive depends on a number of factors. Our road accident compensation calculator provides an accurate estimate of your likely compensation.

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No win, no fee animal-caused road accident injury claims

Legal Aid is no longer available for injury claims.

Personal injury solicitors now work on a No Win, No Fee basis.

No Win, No Fee means that if your claim is not successful, you will not need to pay any legal fees.

If you do win your case, a success fee will be deducted from the compensation award and paid to your solicitor.

Read more about how a No Win, No Fee agreement works

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Meet the team

Quittance's nationwide network of solicitors carry out the legal work for all types of road accident claim and have a wealth of experience in fast track, complex and catastrophic injury claims. Selected on the basis of their track record in recovering compensation, our lawyers have years of experience winning compensation for claimants.

Meet more of the QLS team: click here.

Kevin Walker Serious Injury Panel Solicitor
Rakhi Chauhan Road Accident Panel Solicitor
Shahida Chaudery Complex Injury Claims Panel Solicitor
Gaynor Haliday, Legal researcher

About the author

Gaynor Haliday is an experienced legal researcher and published author. She has had numerous articles published in the press and is a legal industry commentator.

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