Orthopaedic Injury Compensation Claims

If your life, or the life of a loved one, has been affected by an orthopaedic injury, we can help.

If your injuries were caused by someone else's actions or negligence, you may be entitled to claim compensation.

Claiming injury compensation with a solicitor

You can make a compensation claim with the help and support of a personal injury solicitor.

Your solicitor will ask you about what happened, and they will collect evidence to prove what caused your injuries. Your solicitor will also work out how much money you can claim, based on your injuries, lost earnings and other expenses.

We can help you make a personal injury compensation claim on a No Win No Fee basis.

In this article


Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine that deals with injuries and conditions of the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons and spinal column. Worldwide, around 25% of healthcare expenditure is allocated to major orthopaedic trauma, such as fractures and dislocations. In the UK, hip fractures alone account for 70,000 hospital admissions each year.

The Courts recognise that orthopaedic injuries can cause significant lasting pain and disruption. Depending on the nature and severity of the injury, orthopaedic injury compensation awards can be relatively high.

Knee cartilage physio

Do I have an injury claim?

As a basic rule, you will be eligible to make an injury claim if your injury occurred:

  • in the last 3 years, and;
  • someone else was at fault, and;
  • that person owed you a duty of care.
Check my claim

Do I have a claim? - Common questions

What if a child was injured?

The 3 year rule does not apply to minors.

A claim can be pursued for anyone under the age of 18 by a parent, guardian or litigation friend. The injured child has up to the age of 21 to start an injury claim on their own behalf.

Read more about claiming injury compensation on behalf of a child.

Can I make an orthopaedic injury claim right up to the three-year limit?

Technically, yes. However, in practice, not always. Many solicitors will not take on an orthopaedic injury claim that only has a few months (sometimes even a year) left before the time limit expires. The panel of solicitors will take a claim on as late as possible where it is felt that the claim could be successful.

Can I still claim if I didn't report the orthopaedic injury?

If you did not report the accident it can make it more difficult to pursue an orthopaedic injury claim, but a claim may still be possible. This will depend on the circumstances of your case and on the other evidence available.

What orthopaedic injuries are recognised by the Courts?

Any injury that affects the musculoskeletal system is classified as an orthopaedic injury. The category includes:

Orthopaedic injuries can range from the minor to the very serious. Major tears and fractures may require hospital treatment, including surgery and physiotherapy. Such injuries can take a long time to heal and may cause permanent weakness and instability in the joint. It is not uncommon for secondary conditions, such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis, to develop.

As an initial step, an injury lawyer will arrange a medical examination. The examination will investigate the extent of the orthopaedic injury and give an independent prognosis of the long-term outcome for the patient. The findings of the independent medical report will be used to support the orthopaedic injury compensation claim.

Identifying the cause of an injury

The cause of most fractures is severe trauma to a bone. Road traffic accidents and falls from height are the primary mechanism of injury resulting in orthopaedic hospital treatment. Trauma is also the primary cause of most muscle, ligament and tendon injuries.

Orthopaedic injuries may also be sustained:

  • Through overloading, where the body is caused to carry out hard physical tasks without using the proper lifting and carrying aids.
  • Through overuse, where carrying out the same activity on a continuous basis for long periods may cause soft tissue damage such as repetitive strain injury.

For the purposes of making a successful claim, the cause of the injury is significant. It must be shown that the accident was caused by another party's act or negligence, and that the accident in question was the cause of the orthopaedic injury.

Quittance's solicitors have a wealth of experience assisting people who have suffered orthopaedic injuries:

Orthopaedic surgery compensation claims

Orthopaedic surgery is a complex branch of medicine and mistakes, while regrettable, do happen. Orthopaedic surgeons are more than twice as likely to be sued than those in any other branch of the medical profession.

Common complications that may arise as a result of surgical negligence include:

  • Medical misdiagnosis
  • Problems with joint replacement surgery
  • Equipment malfunction
  • Misreading x-rays, resulting in the delay or lack of appropriate treatment
  • Negligent surgical practice leading to nerve or spinal damage
  • Post-operative infection.

Medical claims can be much more complex than other types of claim. In a road traffic incident, for example, it is usually straightforward to establish whether the defendant was at fault by referring to driving laws such as the Highway Code. To succeed in a medical negligence claim, the injury lawyer must prove, through the evidence of medical experts, that:

  • Serious mistakes were made in the clinical treatment that no competent doctor would have made; and
  • Those mistakes caused, or materially contributed to, the orthopaedic injury.

Read more about bringing a medical negligence claim.

Orthopaedic injury time limits

Anyone who has suffered an orthopaedic injury in the last 3 years as a result of an accident that was not their fault may be eligible to claim compensation.

For medical negligence claims, the time limit is three years from the date the claimant becomes aware of the negligence or error. It may be many months or years after the treatment that a link is made between the claimant's injuries and the medical error.

Identifying liability

For all types of accident, determining fault depends on the circumstances of the accident and the law that surrounds accidents of the type that the claimant has suffered. By gathering appropriate evidence, the injury lawyer will demonstrate that:

  • The defendant owed a duty of care
  • The defendant breached their duty of care
  • The breach caused or aggravated the orthopaedic injuries.

Even if it not clear who caused the accident, a claim may still be brought. The injury lawyer will be able to investigate the evidence relating to the accident to establish liability.

How much compensation can I claim for an injury?

The amount of money you could claim for your injury will depend on:

  • the seriousness of your injury, and
  • any financial losses or costs you have incurred.

At the start of your claim, your solicitor will consider the many ways your injuries have affected your life. Your solicitor will take these considerations into account to calculate the correct compensation award.

This calculation will factor in 'general damages' and 'special damages'.

General damages

General damages are awarded for pain, suffering and loss of amenity (PSLA).

Awards for general damages are set by the Judicial College and published in their guidelines for personal injury awards.

Special damages

Special damages are for financial losses and expenses you have incurred as a result of the accident.

What can I claim for after an injury? (see list)

Examples of special damages (losses you can claim for) include:

  • Lost earnings (including future earnings)
  • Medical treatment costs
  • Physiotherapy
  • Travel costs
  • Costs of care
  • Costs of adapting your home or car

Orthopaedic injury compensation amounts

The following orthopaedic injury payouts refer to the Guidelines for the Assessment of General Damages in Personal Injury Cases, Fifteenth Edition by the Judicial College.

These tables are used by solicitors or by the courts as a starting point when calculating your compensation.

Example Amount
Ankle injury
Full recovery or with mild ongoing symptoms £10,960 to £21,200
Arm injury
Serious injury with long-lasting effects £15,300 to £31,220
Back injury
Full or nearly full recovery within 5 years £6,290 to £9,970
Foot injury
Metatarsal fracture with permanent symptoms £10,960 to £19,920
Knee injury
Mild long-term symptoms £11,820 to £20,880
Shoulder injury
Fracture of clavicle £6,290 to £10,180

How is compensation calculated if I have multiple injuries?

If you have sustained multiple injuries, the compensation amounts are not simply added together.

The upper bracket of the most serious injury may be considered as a starting point, with a reduced amount applied for the other less severe injuries.

For example:

General damages for a life-altering orthopaedic injury can be £55,000

For a less serious soft-tissue injury, in isolation, you would typically receive £2,500.

However, if you have a life-altering orthopaedic injury and a less serious soft-tissue injury, you would typically receive £55,000 + a reduced percentage of £2,500.

Special damages, such as loss of earnings are not usually increased if you have multiple injuries. Read more about multiple injury claims.

What is the average injury compensation for an injury claim?

The Judicial College injury tables give a approximate idea of the ranges awarded for different injuries.

However, the money you would receive following an injury will depend entirely on your specific circumstances.

Your injury compensation will be calculated based on the unique impact your injuries have had on your life and your ability to work, and on the actual financial losses you have incurred as a result of your injuries.

Calculate my injury compensation

Calculating how much compensation you can claim for an injury can be complicated.

Our injury compensation calculator tells you if you may have a claim, how much compensation you could claim, and what you can claim for.

Find out what your injury claim could be worth now:

How much can I claim?

How long does an orthopaedic injury claim take?

The length of time needed to secure compensation for an orthopaedic injury can vary considerably.

A straightforward liability accepted injury claim can settle in a few weeks. If the defendant denies liability, a compensation claim can take significantly longer. Usually, an injury claim will take 4 to 9 months. To read more about how long your claim could take, see: How long will my claim take?

How else can a solicitor help me?

Your solicitor will handle your injury claim from the initial FREE case evaluation, through to the financial settlement.

Your solicitor will work with other specialists to provide caring and sensitive support and help you with:

  • Financial support: interim payments while you are unable to work.
  • Advice: on personal injury trusts, tax and welfare benefits.
  • Coordination: with rehabilitation providers and therapists.
  • Access: to treatment and therapies not always available on the NHS.

Will I have to go to court?

Highly unlikely. Solicitors settle the vast majority of claims out of court.

Less than 5% of personal injury claims go to court. Generally, only very complex cases, or those where liability cannot be resolved, end up in court.

Cases that do ultimately go to court are decided by a judge or magistrate, not a jury.

Even if the claim does go to court, it is very unlikely you will have to attend.

Read more:

Will my injury claim go to court and what if it does?

No win, no fee - the facts

With a no win, no fee agreement, your solicitor agrees that you will have no legal fees to pay whatsoever if you do not winn your claim .

No win, no fee promise

Our no win, no fee guarantee means there is no financial risk in making an injury claim - even if you don't win your claim. Read more about making a No win, no fee claim

What do I pay if I win my injury claim?

Your injury solicitor will receive a success fee which is deducted from your compensation, only after your compensation is awarded. The solicitor's success fee can be up to 25%. Your solicitor will agree a success fee with you before you start your claim.

What do I pay if I do not win my injury claim?

If your injury claim is not successful then you will not have to pay any fees. Your solicitor may take out insurance to ensure there will be nothing to pay.

Is there a penalty if I withdraw?

Under a No Win, No Fee Agreement (CFA), fees may apply if a claimant refuses to cooperate, or abandons their claim after the legal work has started, or if the claim is fraudulent.

Is there a catch?

The Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA) sets out the terms between you and your solicitor., No Win No Fee is a regulated activity and as such there should be no nasty surprises in the agreement. Nevertheless, it is recommended that you read the agreement carefully and ask any questions if you are unsure.

How we can help you

Your solicitor will fight for the best possible compensation settlement for you, and the highly-experienced panel of solicitors have an excellent track record of winning injury claims.

If you have any questions, or would like to start a No Win No Fee claim, we are open:

  • 8am to 9pm weekdays
  • 9am to 6pm on Saturday
  • 9.30am to 5pm on Sunday

Call us for FREE advice on 0800 376 1001, or arrange a call back from a friendly, legally-trained advisor:

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  • Tick icon No obligation to start a claim

Injury FAQ's

Can I claim for someone else?

Yes. In certain circumstances, it is possible to claim compensation on behalf of another person in the capacity of a 'litigation friend'.

If an injured person is either too young or vulnerable, too injured or otherwise unable to claim on their own behalf, their litigation friend can handle the claim process on behalf of the injured person.

The litigation friend will be responsible for communicating with the solicitors, and for making decisions in respect of the claim.

Read more:

Claiming on behalf of another person.

Can I claim if I feel I was partly responsible for my accident?

Yes. You may still be able to claim compensation even if your actions may have contributed to the accident.

However, if you were partly to blame (known as contributory negligence), your compensation may be reduced and it may be more difficult to prove liability.

Read more:

Claiming compensation if you were partly responsible for an accident.

How long do I have to make an injury claim?

In general, you have a time limit of up to 3 years from the date of the injury to make an injury claim.

The last date you can make a claim is known as the claim limitation date - after which your injury claim becomes 'statute barred'.

Can I claim for an injury after 3 years?

Possibly. The general rule for adults is that a claim must be started within three years.

However, the three-year countdown starts on the day you learned of your injury or illness. This will usually be the date of the accident, but could be the date your doctor gave you a diagnosis.

If you were injured as a child, you do have up until your 21st birthday to make a claim.

There other circumstances that can also impact the limitation date. Call us now on 0800 376 1001 to find out if you are still able to claim injury compensation.

In reality, there are a number of factors that can affect whether an injury claim will be taken on by a solicitor.

Calculate your claim limitation date

Will I have to visit a solicitor's office to start a claim?

No. You will not need visit a solicitor's office. Personal injury claims are handled by email, post and phone.

Should you need to have a medical, this will be arranged at a medical centre near you or at your GP's surgery.

Read more:

Will I have to visit a solicitor's office?

I need the money now - what are my options?

If you are unable to work and have bills to pay, you may be able to claim an interim compensation payment.

An interim payment is an advance on your compensation payment. Any amount you receive in interim payments would be deducted from your final compensation payment.

Read more:

How to I get an interim compensation payment?

Howard Willis, Personal injury solicitor

Howard Willis, Personal injury solicitor