Jaw injury claims

Jaw injuries include any damage or injury to the lower and upper jaw bones, ligaments and tendons, as well as damage to the teeth or gums.

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Jaw injury claims often fall under the category of dental claims in UK law, although the jaw injury may not occur as a result of negligent dental treatment. Many jaw injuries are the result of an accident, such as a road traffic accident, or criminal injury, such as physical assault.

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Common types of jaw injury

Common jaw injuries include:

  • Broken jaw
  • Fractured jaw
  • Dislocated jaw
  • Cancer of the jaw
  • Torn muscles, tendons or ligaments
  • Nerve damage
  • Temporomandibular Disorder, a problem affecting the chewing muscles of the jaw.

Broken jaw and other jaw injuries can have serious, long-term health consequences. Symptoms typically include problems opening the mouth, problems with chewing and brushing teeth, facial numbness, disfigurement and teeth damage.

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Causes of jaw injury?

Most jaw injuries are the result of facial trauma, such as a sporting accident, trip and fall accident, road traffic accident or criminal assault. Occasionally, they are due to negligent dental treatment. Dental implants, for example, have been known to cause permanent nerve damage in some patients.

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Do I have a claim for a jaw injury?

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If the injury was caused:

  • in an accident that was someone else's fault; or
  • as a result of medical or dental negligence; or
  • in an act of criminal violence

then a claim may be brought for personal injury compensation.

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What are the chances of success?

The Claimant's solicitor must prove that the Defendant negligently caused the accident in question. They must also show that the injury arose as a result the accident and not from some other cause, such as an underlying illness.

If the broken jaw or other jaw injury was due to criminal violence, such as actual bodily harm, the Claimant need only show that an act of violence occurred. Negligence does not have to be proved.

To establish dental negligence, the Claimant's solicitor must prove that the dentist made a mistake that no other reasonable dentist would have made. Read more about medical negligence claims.

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Calculate my jaw injury compensation

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A jaw injury compensation claim is broken down into two types of damages. Compensation for the pain and suffering the injury has caused, known as general damages, varies from person to person. The Judicial College publishes a tariff of the most common jaw injuries and recommends a maximum and minimum compensation award for each injury.

By way of example, a fractured jaw that heals without surgery may receive a general damages payout of around £4,250. A serious broken jaw that requires surgery and causes permanent damage such as difficulty eating or joint arthritis is likely to receive a compensation settlement between £22,000 and £33,000.

Special damages cover financial expenses, such as loss of earnings and medical expenses. These are much easier to calculate as they reflect actual expenditure and estimable future costs.

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What if I was assaulted and the perpetrator can't be found?

Special rules apply to jaw injuries that result from criminal violence. In most cases, compensation is paid by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, a government agency set up to compensate the victims of violent crime. A claim may be brought to CICA even if the perpetrator is not convicted, prosecuted or even found. Read more about criminal injury compensation claims.

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Road traffic accident claims

Every year almost 200,000* people are injured on Britain's roads. If you have been injured in a road accident that was not your fault, you can claim compensation.

Find out more about claiming jaw injury compensation for a road accident: Read more about road accident claims

*Source: Official Department of Transport statistics (gov.uk)

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Accidents at work - Claims against your employer

Every year, 600,000* employees are injured in accidents at work. If you have suffered an injury or illness at work, you may able to claim compensation.

Find out if you can claim jaw injury compensation from your employer: Read more about work accident claims

*Source: 2016/17 Health and Safety Executive (HSE) report

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Meet the team

Quittance Legal Services' nationwide network of solicitors take on all types of personal injury claims and have a wealth of experience in fast track, complex and catastrophic injury claims. Our solicitors are chosen on the basis of their track record in winning claims and their knowledge and expertise.

Click here to meet more of the team.

Kevin Walker Serious Injury Panel Solicitor
Emma Bell Employers and Public Liability Panel Solicitor
Shahida Chaudery Complex Injury Claims Panel Solicitor
Gaynor Haliday, Legal researcher

About the author

Gaynor Haliday is an experienced legal researcher and published author. She has had numerous articles published in the press and is a legal industry commentator.

Read more about this Quittance Legal Expert

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