A Guide to Claiming Hospital Malnutrition Compensation
If your life, or the life of a loved one, has been affected by hospital malnutrition we can help.
The purpose of this guide is to help anyone who has suffered hospital malnutrition and is considering a legal claim for compensation. If you are looking for medical advice, please see the NHS website.
The number of people who leave hospitals in England suffering from malnutrition has increased by 85% in the last ten years, according to figures published by the British Medical Journal. This number continues to rise.
Hospitals have a duty of care to all their patients, and must ensure that patients get enough to eat and drink. This duty is not always fulfilled. In many cases it is the most vulnerable who are being failed by healthcare professionals, including children and the elderly.
What is malnutrition?
The NHS defines malnutrition as ‘poor nutrition'. The NHS also refers to ‘under nutrition' - when a person does not get enough nutrients, and ‘over nutrition' - when a person gets more nutrients than they need.
What are the consequences of malnutrition in hospitals?
Patients who are already suffering from poor health become even more vulnerable when they suffer from malnutrition while at hospital.
Solicitors have assisted with clinical negligence claims for the effects of malnutrition, including:
- Significant weight loss, which can impede recovery from illness, and result in the patient acquiring other conditions or infections
- Fatigue and general lack of energy, which can prevent the patient from engaging with treatment for the original condition
- Weak muscles, which can restrict a patient's mobility
- Poor or low mood, which can have many mental and physical implications, and can generally impede recovery
Why does malnutrition in hospitals occur?
Research suggests that hospital staff are often overworked and there are sometimes not enough nurses and auxiliaries to care for all patients. In addition, nurses are often burdened with administrative tasks and are not able to ensure that everyone in their care has enough to eat and drink.
Older people are sometimes provided with meals that they cannot physically reach, and the food is taken away uneaten. Others do not get enough time to finish their meals before they are removed.
Do I have a hospital malnutrition claim?
Medical negligence claims differ from personal injury claims as the following will need to be established:
- there was a breach of duty ("negligence" or "fault"); and
- the breach of duty was the cause of your injury, damage or loss ("causation" or "avoidable harm").
Breach of Duty
A breach of duty means that the standard of care you received was below the standard that could reasonably be expected of a competent healthcare professional.
To establish causation, it will need to be demonstrated that the injury you suffered resulted from the negligent care rather than the underlying condition.
Get an impartial opinion
To get impartial advice on whether you have a claim, speak to a hospital malnutrition claim expert on 0800 612 7456.
A brief phone consultation will tell you exactly where you stand. There is no obligation to start a claim.
You can also find out if you have a claim with our Online Claim Checker.
Is compensation always payable?
If an error occurred during treatment and the patient was harmed as a result, this may be referred to as an "undesirable outcome".
Not all treatment that results in an undesirable outcome will result in the payment of compensation.
Sometimes an undesirable outcome is due to a known risk associated with the treatment, or due to a mistake that a doctor could reasonably have made in the circumstances.
What if a child was injured?
The 3 year rule does not apply to minors.
A claim can be pursued for anyone under the age of 18 by a parent, guardian or litigation friend. The injured child has up to the age of 21 to start a hospital malnutrition claim on their own behalf.
What if I can't prove who caused the hospital malnutrition?
Your solicitor will work on your behalf to assess your hospital malnutrition claim and gather evidence. They will identify the party responsible for your accident.
How long do I have to start a claim?
If your injury is apparent immediately after medical treatment, you will have 3 years to start a claim.
It may be that the negligent procedure happened more than 3 years ago, but your injury was only diagnosed recently, within the last 3 years. If so, you may still be able to make a claim.
What if your injury was diagnosed months or years after treatment?
You may not be immediately aware of your injury. In some cases, months and even years can pass before symptoms appear.
The law allows you to make a medical negligence claim up to three years after the 'date of knowledge' (when you first learned of the injury).
It is recommended that you start a claim as soon as possible, as medical negligence cases can be complex. Starting your claim sooner will give your solicitor more time to gather medical evidence, assess the extent of your injury and to negotiate interim payments and your final compensation amount.
The amount of money you could claim for your hospital malnutrition will depend on:
- the extent of your injury, and
- any financial losses or costs you have incurred.
At the start of your claim, your solicitor will consider the many ways your hospital malnutrition has affected your life. Your solicitor will take all of these effects into account to calculate the correct compensation award for you.
This calculation will factor in 'general damages' and 'special damages'.
General damages are awarded for pain, suffering and loss of amenity (PSLA).
Awards for general damages are set by the Judicial College and published in their guidelines for personal injury awards.
Special damages are for financial losses and expenses you have incurred as a result of the accident.
What can I claim for after a hospital malnutrition? (see list)
Examples of special damages (losses you can claim for) include:
- Lost earnings (including future earnings)
- Medical treatment costs
- Travel costs
- Costs of care
- Costs of adapting your home or car
What is the average injury compensation for a hospital malnutrition claim?
The Judicial College injury tables give a approximate idea of the ranges awarded for different injuries.
However, the money you would receive following a hospital malnutrition will depend entirely on your specific circumstances.
Your hospital malnutrition compensation will be calculated based on the unique impact your injuries have had on your life, your ability to work, and the actual financial losses you have incurred as a result of your injuries.
See the injury table above for some examples.
Find out what your hospital malnutrition claim could be worth now
Assessing a claim's value at the outset can be complicated, particularly if you have multiple injuries.
If you would like a FREE claim estimate with no obligation to start a claim, call 0800 612 7456.
Alternatively, our compensation calculator will give you an instant estimate of what your claim is worth.
Can I see the complete judicial college tables?
The table above (excerpted from the Judicial College Tables) shows the most common hospital malnutrition claims. To see the complete list see: Judicial College Injury Tables.
Will I have to pay tax on my hospital malnutrition compensation?
If you receive financial compensation following a hospital malnutrition injury, specific legislation ensures that you do not have to pay tax on it. This is the case no matter whether the compensation is received as a lump sum or as staggered payments.
Caring and sensitive support
Your solicitor will handle your hospital malnutrition claim from the initial consultation through to the financial settlement. In addition, your solicitor will work with other specialists to help you with:
- Financial support: interim payments while you are unable to work.
- Advice: on personal injury trusts, tax and welfare benefits.
- Coordination: with rehabilitation providers and therapists.
- Access: to treatment and therapies not always available on the NHS.
Will I get financial advice?
Your solicitor will be able to advise you on whether to accept a financial settlement for your hospital malnutrition claim. If you require tax planning or trust advice, the solicitor will recommend and work closely with a financial adviser.
Hospital malnutrition compensation claims advice
Our panel of solicitors provide a no-obligation consultation to explore your options. Call us on 0800 612 7456 for more information.
No win, no fee
Under a no win, no fee agreement (known as a 'Conditional Fee Agreement' or 'CFA') you can make a hospital malnutrition claim without the worry of upfront legal fees. If your hospital malnutrition claim is unsuccessful you won't have to pay any money to your solicitor.
Our no win, no fee promise
If you have been injured through no fault of your own, our no win, no fee guarantee takes the risk out of claiming compensation for your hospital malnutrition injury.
What do I pay if I win my hospital malnutrition claim?
Your injury solicitor will receive a success fee which is deducted from your compensation, after your claim is settled. The solicitor's success fee can be up to 25%. Your solicitor will agree a success fee with you before you start your claim.
What do I pay if I do not win my hospital malnutrition claim?
If your hospital malnutrition claim is not successful then you will not have to pay any fees.
Please note, under a No Win, No Fee Agreement (CFA), fees may apply if a claimant refuses to cooperate, or abandons their claim after the legal work has started, or if the claim is fraudulent.
How can Quittance help?
Our highly experienced panel of solicitors have an excellent track record of winning medical negligence claims. Your solicitor will fight for the best possible compensation settlement for you.
If you have any questions, or would like to start a No Win No Fee claim, we are open 8am to 9pm weekdays, 9am to 6pm on Saturday, and 9.30am to 5pm on Sunday.
Call us FREE 0800 612 7456 or arrange a callback:Call me back
if you can claim
to start a claim
Hospital Malnutrition FAQ's
Can I claim for someone else?
Yes. In certain circumstances, it is possible to claim compensation on behalf of another person in the capacity of a 'litigation friend'.
If an injured person is either too young or vulnerable, too injured or otherwise unable to claim on their own behalf, their litigation friend can handle the claim process on behalf of the injured person.
The litigation friend will be responsible for communicating with the solicitors, and for making decisions in respect of the claim.
How long will my claim take?
The length of time needed to secure compensation can vary considerably.
For example, straightforward car accident claims can settle in a matter of weeks, whereas complex medical negligence cases can take years.
Injury claims can also take longer if it is not clear who is responsible for your injury, or if liability is denied by the defendant.
Taken from average case times, this table sets out approximately how long personal injury claims take to settle:
Personal injury claim type
Estimated claim duration*
4 to 9 months
6 to 9 months
12 to 36 months
12 to 18 months
6 to 9 months
3 to 4 months**
12 to 18 months**
**Official Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) Government agency and Motor Insurers’ Bureau (MIB) figures.
Will I have to go to court?
Highly unlikely. The vast majority of claims that are settled by Quittance’s solicitor panel are settled out of court.
Only a very small percentage (approx. 5%) of personal injury claims go to court. Generally, only very complex cases, or those where liability cannot be resolved, end up in court.
Cases that do ultimately go to court are held in front of a judge, not a jury.
Will I have to go to a solicitor's office?
No. You will not need visit a solicitor's office. As with most professional services, it is no longer necessary to meet face to face with your solicitor. Personal injury claims are dealt with via email, post and telephone.
Should you need to have a medical, this will be arranged at a medical centre near you or at your GP's surgery.
Can I get an early compensation payment?
If you suffer financial hardship as a result of an injury, you may be able to claim an interim compensation payment.
An interim payment is a partial settlement of your claim which is paid before your claim is concluded. The amount you receive in interim payments would then be deducted from your final compensation settlement or award.
About the author
Howard qualified as a solicitor in 1984 and has specialised in personal injury for over 25 years. He is a member of the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL) and is a recognised Law Society Personal Injury Panel expert.
Read more about this Quittance Legal Expert