A Guide to Claiming Body Piercing Injury Compensation
If your life, or the life of a loved one, has been affected by a body piercing injury we can help.
The purpose of this guide is to help anyone who has suffered a body piercing injury and is considering a legal claim for compensation. If you are looking for medical advice, please see the NHS website.
A recent study by the British Medical Journal (BMJ) found that one in 10 people had a body piercing other than in the earlobe.
The study found that piercings are most popular with 16-24 year old females, with 46% of them claiming to have a piercing. 31% of these respondents reported complications - including swelling, infection and bleeding. Half of those required medical attention, and 1 in 100 respondents were admitted to hospital.
While the procedure is generally safe when conducted by a trained professional with the correct equipment, individuals considering a piercing should be aware that risks remain. Even where the procedure is performed in a specialist clinic subsequent injury or illness is a possible outcome.
Do I have a body piercing injury claim?
Medical negligence claims differ from personal injury claims as the following will need to be established:
- there was a breach of duty ("negligence" or "fault"); and
- the breach of duty was the cause of your injury, damage or loss ("causation" or "avoidable harm").
Breach of Duty
A breach of duty means that the standard of care you received was below the standard that could reasonably be expected of a competent healthcare professional.
To establish causation, it will need to be demonstrated that the injury you suffered resulted from the negligent care rather than the underlying condition.
Get an impartial opinion
To get impartial advice on whether you have a claim, speak to a body piercing injury claim expert on 0800 612 7456.
A brief phone consultation will tell you exactly where you stand. There is no obligation to start a claim.
You can also find out if you have a claim with our Online Claim Checker.
Is compensation always payable?
If an error occurred during treatment and the patient was harmed as a result, this may be referred to as an "undesirable outcome".
Not all treatment that results in an undesirable outcome will result in the payment of compensation.
Sometimes an undesirable outcome is due to a known risk associated with the treatment, or due to a mistake that a doctor could reasonably have made in the circumstances.
What if a child was injured?
The 3 year rule does not apply to minors.
A claim can be pursued for anyone under the age of 18 by a parent, guardian or litigation friend. The injured child has up to the age of 21 to start a body piercing injury claim on their own behalf.
Can I make a historic body piercing injury claim if I was injured as a child?
Yes. You have until your 21st birthday to claim for any body piercing injury you sustained as a child.
How long do I have to start a claim?
If your injury is apparent immediately after medical treatment, you will have 3 years to start a claim.
It may be that the negligent procedure happened more than 3 years ago, but your injury was only diagnosed recently, within the last 3 years. If so, you may still be able to make a claim.
What if your injury was diagnosed months or years after treatment?
You may not be immediately aware of your injury. In some cases, months and even years can pass before symptoms appear.
The law allows you to make a medical negligence claim up to three years after the 'date of knowledge' (when you first learned of the injury).
It is recommended that you start a claim as soon as possible, as medical negligence cases can be complex. Starting your claim sooner will give your solicitor more time to gather medical evidence, assess the extent of your injury and to negotiate interim payments and your final compensation amount.
The amount of money you could claim for your body piercing injury will depend on:
- the extent of your injury, and
- any financial losses or costs you have incurred.
At the start of your claim, your solicitor will consider the many ways your body piercing injury has affected your life. Your solicitor will take all of these effects into account to calculate the correct compensation award for you.
This calculation will factor in 'general damages' and 'special damages'.
General damages are awarded for pain, suffering and loss of amenity (PSLA).
Awards for general damages are set by the Judicial College and published in their guidelines for personal injury awards.
Special damages are for financial losses and expenses you have incurred as a result of the accident.
What can I claim for after a body piercing injury? (see list)
Examples of special damages (losses you can claim for) include:
- Lost earnings (including future earnings)
- Medical treatment costs
- Travel costs
- Costs of care
- Costs of adapting your home or car
What is the average injury compensation for a body piercing injury claim?
The Judicial College injury tables give a approximate idea of the ranges awarded for different injuries.
However, the money you would receive following a body piercing injury will depend entirely on your specific circumstances.
Your body piercing injury compensation will be calculated based on the unique impact your injuries have had on your life, your ability to work, and the actual financial losses you have incurred as a result of your injuries.
See the injury table above for some examples.
Find out what your body piercing injury claim could be worth now
Assessing a claim's value at the outset can be complicated, particularly if you have multiple injuries.
If you would like a FREE claim estimate with no obligation to start a claim, call 0800 612 7456.
Alternatively, our compensation calculator will give you an instant estimate of what your claim is worth.
I can't find my injury in the table, can I still claim?
The table is a list of the most common injuries associated with a body piercing injury claim. You can see the full list of injury awards here: Judicial College Injury Tables.
Caring and sensitive support
Your solicitor will handle your body piercing injury claim from the initial consultation through to the financial settlement. In addition, your solicitor will work with other specialists to help you with:
- Financial support: interim payments while you are unable to work.
- Advice: on personal injury trusts, tax and welfare benefits.
- Coordination: with rehabilitation providers and therapists.
- Access: to treatment and therapies not always available on the NHS.
What are the risks?
The main risk associated with all body piercings is bacterial infection, although the level of risk varies according to which part of the body has been pierced.
Nose piercing injury claims
Nose piercings pose a greater risk of infection than earlobe piercings as the inner surface of the nose cannot be easily disinfected. However, despite the high number of bacteria inside the mouth, tongue piercings carry a smaller risk of bacterial infection.
Ear cartilage piercing claims
Ear cartilage piercings (at the top of the ear) are riskier than earlobe piercings.
Because the skin is close to the underlying cartilage pus can become trapped, leading to infection and development of an abscess. Antibiotics do not always successfully treat this problem and surgery may be needed to remove the affected cartilage. This may lead to a deformed ear and scarring.
Abscesses may need to be surgically drained causing scarring. In some cases, blood poisoning (sepsis) may develop; or toxic shock syndrome, which can be very serious. Blood poisoning can also occur without an abscess.
Other possible problems that can occur as a result of body piercing are:
- Bleeding and blood loss - especially in areas rich in blood vessels, such as the tongue.
- Swelling of the skin around the piercing.
- Scarring and the formation of keloid (a type of oversized scar).
Other parts of the body
Piercings that interfere with the functions of the body carry higher risks of causing problems. For example:
Tongue (oral) piercings can cause speech impediments and chipped teeth if the jewellery wears away tooth enamel. There is also a risk that if the tongue swells, airways will be blocked. Genital piercings can sometimes make sex and urination difficult and painful.
Although the risk of contracting blood borne viruses such as hepatitis or HIV is now low, due to registered piercing premises using disposable sterile needles and other equipment, in countries where hygiene standards are less restrictive there is a risk from dirty needles.
Other medical Issues
Medical problems may result if a customer has an allergic reaction to the metals used in body ornaments.
In the case of mouth piercings this can cause respiratory, dental and speech problems.
Nerves, blood vessels and arteries may also be damaged if the professional carrying out the procedure misdirects their needle or piercing gun by even a fraction of an inch.
Although over the years a variety of legislation has been introduced to encourage and support safe practice, and model by-laws have been made available, these have not been accompanied by standard requirements for compliance.
Local or regional guidelines have been developed, often initiated by environmental health or health protection specialists; however, there have been difficulties in engaging practitioners in the development of such guidelines and in securing adoption and wider implementation.
With no nationally recognised or accredited training courses, standards for practice, agreed knowledge and skills frameworks or arrangements for monitoring and reporting of professional competence, it is easy for poor practices to be adopted.
Are there any legal requirements for body piercing practitioners?
Under the Health & Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 all employers and self-employed persons have a general duty of care to ensure their activities do not expose them or the general public to risks to their health or safety. This includes those engaged in body piercing activities for gain or reward.
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 require all employers and self-employed persons to undertake a risk assessment of their activities and to either remove the risk or provide control measures to reduce it as far as possible. They must also provide training to staff to ensure they understand the risks and the control measures.
In relation to body piercing, one of the risks that must be considered is that of possible complications relating to the procedure of skin piercing (for example: infection, scarring, teeth damage).
The practitioner must ensure that a fully ‘informed consent' procedure is adopted. This means gathering information from the client about their health and suitability for the treatment, and giving the client enough information about the possible complications that could arise from the treatment for them to make their own decision.
A claimant who has sustained injury and illness as a result of a body piercing may be entitled to claim for compensation if the illness is a result of the body piercing salon's negligent practice.
How did your injury occur?
The claims process that your solicitor follows will vary, depending on how the injury occurred:
If you are thinking of making a work accident or injury claim, there are some key points to be aware of:
In a public place (e.g. supermarket, pavement)
If you have been injured in a public place, there are some key points you need to be aware of:
According to the latest figures published in 2019, there were over 17,000 clinical negligence claims in the year 2016-17. This increase is largely down to an overstretched NHS.
If you are thinking of making a medical negligence claim, there are some key points to be aware of:
Other claim types
Find details on another type of claim:
How does no win, no fee work?
Under a no win, no fee agreement, your solicitor agrees that you will have no legal fees to pay if your claim is not successful.
Our no win, no fee guarantee
Our no win, no fee guarantee means there is absolutely no financial risk in making a body piercing injury claim - even if you don't win your claim.
What do I pay if I win my body piercing injury claim?
Your injury solicitor will receive a success fee which is deducted from your compensation, once your claim is settled. The solicitor's success fee can be up to 25%. You and your solicitor can agree the success fee before you start your claim.
What do I pay if I do not win my body piercing injury claim?
If your body piercing injury claim is not successful then you do not have to pay any legal fees whatsoever.
Please note, under a No Win, No Fee Agreement (CFA), fees may apply if a claimant refuses to cooperate, or abandons their claim after the legal work has started, or if the claim is fraudulent.
How can Quittance help?
Our highly experienced panel of solicitors have an excellent track record of winning medical negligence claims. Your solicitor will fight for the best possible compensation settlement for you.
If you have any questions, or would like to start a No Win No Fee claim, we are open 8am to 9pm weekdays, 9am to 6pm on Saturday, and 9.30am to 5pm on Sunday.
Call us FREE 0800 612 7456 or arrange a callback:Call me back
if you can claim
to start a claim
Body Piercing Injury FAQ's
Can I claim for someone else?
Yes. In certain circumstances, it is possible to claim compensation on behalf of another person in the capacity of a 'litigation friend'.
If an injured person is either too young or vulnerable, too injured or otherwise unable to claim on their own behalf, their litigation friend can handle the claim process on behalf of the injured person.
The litigation friend will be responsible for communicating with the solicitors, and for making decisions in respect of the claim.
How long will my claim take?
The length of time needed to secure compensation can vary considerably.
For example, straightforward car accident claims can settle in a matter of weeks, whereas complex medical negligence cases can take years.
Injury claims can also take longer if it is not clear who is responsible for your injury, or if liability is denied by the defendant.
Taken from average case times, this table sets out approximately how long personal injury claims take to settle:
Personal injury claim type
Estimated claim duration*
4 to 9 months
6 to 9 months
12 to 36 months
12 to 18 months
6 to 9 months
3 to 4 months**
12 to 18 months**
**Official Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) Government agency and Motor Insurers’ Bureau (MIB) figures.
Will I have to go to court?
Highly unlikely. The vast majority of claims that are settled by Quittance’s solicitor panel are settled out of court.
Only a very small percentage (approx. 5%) of personal injury claims go to court. Generally, only very complex cases, or those where liability cannot be resolved, end up in court.
Cases that do ultimately go to court are held in front of a judge, not a jury.
Will I have to go to a solicitor's office?
No. You will not need visit a solicitor's office. As with most professional services, it is no longer necessary to meet face to face with your solicitor. Personal injury claims are dealt with via email, post and telephone.
Should you need to have a medical, this will be arranged at a medical centre near you or at your GP's surgery.
Can I get an early compensation payment?
If you suffer financial hardship as a result of an injury, you may be able to claim an interim compensation payment.
An interim payment is a partial settlement of your claim which is paid before your claim is concluded. The amount you receive in interim payments would then be deducted from your final compensation settlement or award.
About the author
Howard qualified as a solicitor in 1984 and has specialised in personal injury for over 25 years. He is a member of the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL) and is a recognised Law Society Personal Injury Panel expert.
Read more about this Quittance Legal Expert