Will my home need an EPC before I put it on the market?

With a few exceptions, all properties in the UK must have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) applied for before being put on the market.

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Energy Performance Certificate

What is an EPC?

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) is a survey and a record of how energy efficient your property is. An EPC is issued after a survey has been conducted by a qualified Domestic Energy Assessor (DEA).

Since 2008, it has been a legal requirement to have an EPC EPC's are valid for 10 years from the date of the survey.

What will my EPC show?

Your property will be given a rating on a scale of A to G, where:

  • A is the most energy-efficient and;
  • G is the least energy-efficient.

This rating is represented as a coloured bar chart, similar to the one you may find when purchasing a fridge or other household appliance.

An EPC will also offer advice on how to make your property more energy-efficient. It will identify the areas in your house that have the potential to improve efficiency and save you money on your fuel bills, such as:

  • Light fittings
  • Heating system
  • Wall and loft insulation
  • Windows
  • Solar panels
  • The size of your living space

How do I get an EPC for my property?

Your property needs to be assessed by an accredited Domestic Energy Assessor.

The EPC Register maintains a list of accredited Domestic Energy Assessors across the UK. However, your estate agent will most also offer this service. Some agents offer a free EPC as an incentive to use their services to sell your home.

Once you have an EPC, potential buyer's will be able to view your EPC on the centralised EPC Register.

You can also compare how energy efficient your home is compared to other properties in your neighbourhood.

Are there any properties that don't require an EPC?

The vast majority of domestic properties being put up for sale will need an EPC. However, there are some exceptions:

  • Residential buildings used less than 4 months a year
  • Temporary buildings to be used for less than 2 years
  • Places of worship
  • Some listed buildings
  • Holiday accommodation rented out for less than 4 months a year
  • Some agricultural buildings or industrial sites
  • Some buildings that are due to be demolished

Can I sell my property without an EPC?

Yes, as long as you have ordered the EPC before putting your property on the market. Failure to do so could result in a fine.

How much does an EPC cost?

EPC's are not generally that expensive - in the region of £50- £100. Of course, every bit helps when moving home so shopping around could save you a few pounds.

If you are selling through an estate agent, try to get them to absorb the cost. They usually will as they want your business.

Your next step

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Gaynor Haliday, Legal researcher

Gaynor Haliday, Legal researcher